Subcoccinella vigintiquattuorpunctata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Taxonomy: Polyphaga > Cucujoidea > Coccinellidae > Subcoccinella > Subcoccinella vigintiquattuorpunctata

Common name: 

Twentyfour-spot Ladybird

Images

Subcoccinella vigintiquattuorpunctata
Subcoccinella vigintiquattuorpunctata
Subcoccinella vigintiquattuorpunctata
Subcoccinella vigintiquattuorpunctata
Subcoccinella vigintiquattuorpunctata

Description

Length: 3 - 4mm.  Background colour: russet.  Pattern colour: black spots.  Number of spots: 0-24 (20).  Spot fusions: common.  Melanic (black) forms: rare. Pronotum: russet with black spots.  Leg colour: russet.  Other features: elytra covered in fine hairs (visible with hand lens), giving the ladybird a matt appearance.

Fourth-instar larva: cream-yellow or greenish in colour; short and stubby in shape; tubercles dark, bearing thick yellow spiny bristles with extensive side-branching. Pupa: pale yellow with small black spots, partially covered by shed larval skin at base. 

Biology

Habitats: The 24-spot ladybird is very much a grassland species and its habitat is often described as ‘rough grass’; however records have also been received from marshy habitats and scrub. 

Host plants: This species is most commonly found on grasses but also on other low growing plants such as thistle, nettle, mugwort, salad burnet, knapweed, spurrey and tansy.

Food: red campion, false oat-grass.

Overwintering sites: 24-spot ladybirds overwinter in low herbage, grass tussocks and gorse bushes. 

Distribution (may take a minute to appear)