Coccinella quinquepunctata Linnaeus, 1758

Taxonomy: Polyphaga > Cucujoidea > Coccinellidae > Coccinella > Coccinella quinquepunctata

Common name: 

Five-spot Ladybird

Images

Coccinella quinquepunctata
Coccinella quinquepunctata

Description

Length: 4 - 5mm.  Background colour: red.  Pattern colour: black spots.  Number of spots: 5-9 (5).  Spot fusions: very rare.  Melanic (black) forms: no.  Pronotum: black with anterior-lateral white marks.  Leg colour: black.  Other features: quite rounded and domed in shape

Fourth-instar larva: dark grey, with black tubercles producing fine hairs; bright orange lateral patches on first thoracic segment; middle and outer tubercles on abdominal segments one and four bright orange; lateral tubercle on segments six and seven also orange.  Pupa: unknown.

Biology

Habitats: 5-spot ladybirds in Britain are found only on unstable river shingle.  In continental Europe they occur in more varied habitats.

Host plants: 5-spot ladybirds can be observed scurrying between low-lying herbaceous plants in amongst river shingle.  Specifically, they have been reported on nettle, thistles, bitter-cress and angelica.  There are a few records of this species on broom.  5-spot ladybirds can also be found in flood debris. 

Food: aphids.

Overwintering sites: 5-spot ladybirds overwinter on gorse, under shingle stones and in leaf litter.

 

Articles

Darby, M. (2005). A previously overlooked record of the five spot ladybird Coccinella quinquepunctata (Linnaeus) in Wiltshire. The Coleopterist 14(3): 128.

Distribution (may take a minute to appear)