Chilocorus bipustulatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Taxonomy: Polyphaga > Cucujoidea > Coccinellidae > Chilocorus > Chilocorus bipustulatus

Common name: 

Heather Ladybird

Images

Chilocorus bipustulatus
Chilocorus bipustulatus

Description

Length: 3 - 4mm.  Background colour: black.  Pattern colour: red spots.  Number of spots: 2-6 (6). Spot fusions: sometimes.  Melanic (black) forms: not applicable.  Pronotum: black.  Leg colour: black.  Other features: distinct rim around the edge of the elytra.

Fourth-instar larva: black, with tubercles bearing long black spines giving rise to hairs with extensive side-branching; with a diagnostic pale first abdominal segment.  Pupa: larval skin encloses the lower part of the pupa.

Biology

Habitats: This is a species commonly found on heathland.  There are also a number of coastal records from dune systems and scrub.  Heather ladybirds have also been recorded from marshy habitats.

Host plants: Heather ladybirds have been widely reported from Calluna.  However, they are also associated with plants typical of scrub habitats, including bracken, bramble and gorse.  There are a growing number of records from Leyland cypress and occasionally other trees such as sallow, willow and Scots pine.

Food: coccids.

Overwintering sites: Heather ladybirds overwinter in litter or in bark crevices (commonly conifers and gorse).

Distribution (may take a minute to appear)